OUTLINE FOR CHAPTER VIII
Angelology is the doctrine of angels.
Who maketh his angels spirits; his ministers a flaming fire
(Ps. 104:4). The angel of the LORD encampeth round about them
that fear him, and delivereth them (Ps. 34:7). What is man,
that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou visitest
him? For thou madest him a little lower than the angels, and hast crowned
him with glory and honor (Ps. 8: 4, 5). Behold, I will send
my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me (Mal. 3:
la). Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart
from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and
his angels (Matt. 25:41). See also Genesis 19:1, 15; 24:7; 28:12;
Psalm 103:20; Hebrews 1:7, 14; Matthew 11:10; Luke 7:27.
1. Translation. The Old Testament Hebrew and the New Testament Greek
translate the word angel as ambassador, messenger, deputy, and
2. Notation. The term angel is not a personal name, but
rather a title describing an office.
There are three angels whose personal names we know:
1. Lucifer. This is the unfallen name of the Devil. Satan is his fallen
name. How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning!
how art thou cut down to the ground, which did weaken the nations!
A. Their Personality.
They are personal beings, and not impersonal influences, such as thoughts, ideas, etc. Paul writes that peradventure God will give those that oppose themselves repentance to the acknowledging of the truth . . . that they may recover themselves out of the snare of the devil, who are taken captive by him at his will (II Tim. 2:25, 26). See also II Samuel 14: 20; Revelation 12:9, 12; 22: 8, 9.
B. Their Origination.
They are created beings and superior to man, but they are not as the artist paints them, having wings, and the like. No doubt they have bodies, but not like our bodies. If our eyes were not blinded by the fall of man, we might be able to see them. Eve saw Satan as an angel of light. Angels are not eternal beings. While they will live forever, yet they have not lived forever, because they are created beings. They were created like man, but not as human beings. A Christian does not become an angel when he dies, but, in Christ, he is greater than angels can ever be. By him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him (Col. 1:16). See also Nehemiah 9:6; Genesis 18:8; Luke 24:37.
C. Their Enumeration.
Ye are come into mount Sion, and unto the city of the living
God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels
(Heb. 12:22). Thinkest thou that I cannot now pray to my Father,
and he shall presently give me more than twelve legions of angels?
(Matt. 26:53). Six thousand composed a legion; the Lord could have called
for seventy-two thousand angels for aid had he so desired. See also
Daniel 7:10; Psalm 68:17.
A great many angels dwell in the heavenlies. In the resurrection
they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are as the angels
of God in heaven (Matt. 22:30). See also Matthew 18:10; Luke 2:13-15;
John 1:15; Galatians 1:8; Revelation 5:11; 7:11.
1. Angels Are Spirits. Of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels spirits, and his ministers a flame of fire (Heb. 1:7). See also Hebrews 1:14; Psalm 104:4.
2. Angels are Corporeal. Although being spirit, they have bodies of some kind and perform bodily acts. Mary seeth two angels in white sitting, the one at the head, and the other at the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain (John 20:12). See also Genesis 18:1-8; 19:1-3; Judges 6.
3. Angels Are Masculine. It is an error to say they are sexless. They
are always manifested in the form of man. Masculine pronouns are always
used in connection with them. And entering into the sepulchre,
they saw a young man sitting on the right side, clothed in a long white
garment; and they were affrighted. And he saith unto them, Be not affrighted:
ye seek Jesus of Nazareth, which was crucified: He is risen; he is not
here: behold the place where they laid him (Mark 16:5,6). See
also Matthew 28:2-4; Luke 1:26.
F. Their Perfection Attributes.
1. They Are Deathless. They will never die, or cease to exist. They
do not grow old. They which shall be accounted worthy to obtain
that world, and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry, nor are
given in marriage: neither can they die any more: for they are equal
unto the angels; and are the children of God, being the children of
the resurrection (Luke 20:35, 36).
3. They Are Illocal. They are not subject to limitation, or space.
We are (Acts 17:26). However, they are not omnipresent.
5. They Are Wise. They possess super-human intelligence, yet they are not omniscient (all-wise). One of the purposes of Pauls preaching was to the intent that now unto the principalities and powers in heavenly places might be known by the church the manifold wisdom of God. according to the eternal purpose which he purposed in Christ Jesus our Lord (Eph. 3:10, 11). See also II Samuel 14:17-20; Matthew 24:36; Mark 13:32; I Peter 1:10-12.
6. They are Subordinate. They are always subject to God. Even the Devil is in this category. There is nothing he can do, but by the will of God. [Jesus Christ] is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God; angels and authorities and powers being made subject unto him (I Peter 3:22). See also Hebrews 1:4-8, 13, 14.
G. Their Gradation.
1. The Angel of the Lord. This angel is presented as no other angel
in the Scriptures. He possesses a position no other angel could occupy.
He is the Lord Jesus Christ himself. He presented himself to Hagar,
Abraham and Gideon.
4. The Seraphim. These angelic beings are mentioned only in Isaiah. They are attentive unto the LORD of Hosts. In the year that king Uzziah died I saw also the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up, and his train filled the temple. Above it stood the seraphims: each one had six wings....Then flew one of the seraphims unto me, having a live coal in his hand, which he had taken with tongs from off the altar (Is. 6:1,2,6).
5. Archangel. Michael the archangel, when contending with the
devil he disputed about the body of Moses. durst not bring against him
a railing accusation, but said, The Lord rebuke thee (Jude 9).
See also I Thessalonians 4:16.
8. Principalities. I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come, nor heighth, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord (Rom. 8:38, 39). See also Colossians 1:16; Ephesians 6:12.
9. Powers. Unto the principalities and powers in heavenly places might be known by the church the manifold wisdom of God (Eph. 3:10). See also Colossians 1:16; Ephesians 1:21.
10. Mighty. God standeth in the congregation of the mighty; he judgeth among the Gods (Ps. 82:1). See also Psalm 89:6.
11. Authorities. [Jesus Christ] is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God; angels and authorities and powers being made subject unto him (I Peter 3:22).
12. Dignities. These filthy dreamers defile the flesh, despise dominion, and speak evil of dignities (Jude 8). See also II Peter 2:10.
H. Their Division.
Angels are divided into two great moral realms or spheres:
1. Holy Angels Angels of God. Jacob went on his way, and the angels of God met him. And when Jacob saw them, he said, This is Gods host: and he called the name of that place Mahanaim (Gen, 32:1, 2). See also Matthew 25:31; Daniel 4:13.
2. Fallen Angels Angels of Satan. There was war in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought and his angels, and prevailed not; neither was their place found any more in heaven. And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him (Rev. 12:7-9). See also II Peter 2:4-6; Jude 6, 7.
These are called the angels of Satan; they were not created by him; they became his by choice. All angels were created in holiness; possessing a free will, they could choose either to serve God or Satan. A God very terrible in the council of the holy ones, and to be feared above all them that are round about him, (Ps. 89:7, R.V.). See also Matthew 18:10; 13:9; Mark 8:38; John 8:34; II Peter 2:4; Jude 6; I John 5:18.
A. Good Angels.
1. Their Adoration. Again, when he bringeth in the first begotten
into the world, he said, And let all the angels of God worship him
(Heb. 1:6 ). See also Isaiah 6:3; John 12:41; Revelation 5:11, 12. We
are told in Colossians 2:18 never to worship angels.
These are the angelic followers of the Devil. These are they for whom hell is prepared.
1. Their Designation. They are evil spirits; seductive, unclean, demons. When he was come to the other side into the country of the Gergesenes, there met him two possessed with devils [demons] coming out of the tombs, exceeding fierce, so that no man might pass by that way (Matt. 8:28). See also Matthew 9:33; 10:1; 12:43; Mark 1:26; 5:2-5; 9:17, 20; Luke 6:18; 9:39.
2. Their Division.
3. The Free Angels.
4. The Imprisoned Angels.
Surely these must be the sons of God, who married the daughters
of men. It came to pass, when men began to multiply on the
face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them, that the sons
of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them
wives of all which they chose. . . . There were giants in the earth
in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto
the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became
mighty men which were of old men of renown (Gen. 6:1,2, 4).
Others contend that the sons of God were regenerated men,
who married unregenerated women, called the daughters of men.
We see the same things happening even today, but there are no giants
born because of this unequally yoked union.
1. Jesus Christ the Son of God by relationship.
By simple elimination we find out who the sons of God were: Christ is eliminated, and Adam also, as he had been dead for a long time. They could not be regenerated men because adoption of sonship had not occurred yet. This leaves only the angels.
The question naturally arises, Do not the Scriptures teach that angels cannot marry? They do not teach this; they teach that they do not marry in heaven. Man marries here, but he will not marry in heaven. Then how did they marry the daughters of men? We do not know, but the following verses prove, without a doubt, that they did. We have already quoted Jude 6, but we will do so again, adding verse seven. This substantiates our claim: And the angels which kept not their first estate [principality, their own being as angels], but left their own habitation [heaven], he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day. Even as Sodom and Gomorrah, and the cities about them in like manner, giving themselves over to fornication and going after strange flesh, are set forth for an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire (Jude 6, 7). Thus, I believe it is positively proved that the angels sinned after the similitude of Sodom and Gomorrah.
This union brought about a race of giants giants in stature,
and giants in sin. They were destroyed by the flood.
A. The Names and Descriptive Titles.
3. Beelzebub. This is the prince of demons. Originally it meant Lord of Flies; the Jews later changed it to mean Lord of the Dung Hill. The scribes which came down from Jerusalem said, He hath Beelzebub, and by the prince of the devils [demons] casteth he out devils [demons] (Mark 3:22).
4. Belial. This means good-for-nothing. Certain men, the children of Belial, are gone out from among you, and have withdrawn the inhabitants of their city, saying, Let us go and serve other gods, which ye have not known (Deut.13:13).
5. The Wicked One. He is the evil one, who has no reverence for Christ. I have written unto you, fathers, because ye have known him that is from the beginning. I have written unto you, young men, because ye are strong, and the word of God abideth in you, and ye have overcome the wicked one (I John 2:14). See also I John 2:13; Matthew 6:13, R.V.
6. Prince of This World. World politics, business and society are
under his domain. The Lord Jesus did not deny this when he was accosted
by the Devil in the wilderness (Matt. 4; Luke 4). Now is the judgment
of this world: now shall the prince of this world be cast out
(John 12:31). See also John 14:30; 16:11.
8. Prince of the Power of the Air. You hath he quickened, who
were dead in trespasses and sins; wherein in time past ye walked according
to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of
the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience
10. Dragon. He laid hold on the dragon, which is the Devil,
and Satan, and bound him a thousand years (Rev. 20:2).
15. Roaring Lion. Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary,
the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about seeking whom he may devour
(I Peter 5:8).
B. The Personality of Satan.
There is a general denial that the Devil is a person. To deny such is to deny the Word of God. The Scriptures teach that he is as much a person as the Lord Jesus Christ.
C. The Origin of Satan.
Satan was a created being (Ezek. 28:15). His position was the greatest of all the angelic hosts, Thou art the anointed cherub that covereth (Ezek. 28:14). He was one of the cherubim that overlooked the mercy seat of the temple in heaven.
His name, Lucifer, means Son of the Morning. He was created
in perfect beauty (Ezek. 28:12, 17). Some hold that he was the choir
leader of heaven, as the tabrets and pipes were prepared in him the
day that he was created (Ezek. 28:13). Others may ask, Isnt
the twenty-eighth chapter of Ezekiel speaking about the King of Tyre?
Yes, to begin with but the inspired writer goes beyond the King of Tyre,
and speaks about a person that no human person could possibly fulfill,
Thou hast been in Eden (Ezek. 28:13). Who could this be
but Satan? He was perfect in his ways (Ezek. 28:15) until sin was found
What was the sin that caused Satan to be? What was it that changed
Lucifer into the Devil? It was the original sin of the universe: pride.
I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like
the most High (Is. 14:14). The sin of pride was caused by choosing
his own will above the will of God. I will became the original
sin of the universe.
He does have access to the throne of God, for he accused Job, and we
are told that he accuses the brethren daily. The accuser of our
brethren is cast down, which accused them before our God day and night
(Rev. 12: l0c). It is an error to think of the Devil living in a palace
in hell; his location is in the heavenlies.
1. Has Great Dignity. His titles show this. Now is the judgment of this world: now shall the prince of this world be cast out (John 12:31). See also Jude 8, 9; II Corinthians 4:4.
2. Has Great Power. God (Jesus) sent Paul to the Gentiles to open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among them which are sanctified by faith that is in me (Acts 26:18). See also Job 1:10-12; Luke 11:14, 18; Ephesians 6:11, 12. The whole world without Christ is under him.
3. Has Great Cunning and Deceit. Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light (II Cor. 11:14). See also Matthew 24:24; II Corinthians 2:11.
4. Has Great Malignity. He that committeth sin is of the devil;
for the devil sinneth from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of
God was manifested, that he might destroy the works of the devil
(I John 3:8). See also II Corinthians 4:4.
G. The Work of Satan.
1. He Is the Author of Sin and Tempts Men to Sin. Then was Jesus
led up of the spirit into the wilderness to be tempted of the devil
4. He Takes the Word Out of Hearts. When anyone heareth the word of the kingdom, and understandeth it not, then cometh the wicked one, and catcheth away that which was sown in his heart. This is he which received seed by the wayside (Matt. 13:19).
5. He Puts Wicked Purposes Into Hearts. Neither give place to
the devil (Eph. 4:27).
7. He Harasses Men. Lest I should be exalted above measure through the abundance of the revelations, there was given to me a thorn in the flesh, the messenger of Satan to buffet me, lest I should be exalted above measure (II Cor. 12:7).
8. He Accuses Men Before God. The accuser of our brethren is
cast down, which accused them before our God day and night (Rev.
10. He Sows Tares Among Gods People. The field is the world; the good seed are the children of the kingdom; but the tares are the children of the wicked one; the enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels (Matt. 13:38, 39).
11. He Gives Power to the Lawless Ones. To whom ye forgive anything,
I forgive also: for what I also have forgiven if I have forgiven anything,
for your sakes have I forgiven it in the presence of Christ; that no
advantage may be gained over us by Satan: for we are not ignorant of
his devices (II Cor. 2:10, 11, R.V.).
13. He Hinders Gods Servants. We would fain have come
unto you, even I Paul, once and again; but Satan hindered us (I
Thess. 2:18, R.V.).
1. He Is Not Omnipresent. He can be at only one place at a time. He is a created being, and a created being cannot be in two places at the same time. He is not everywhere, but his followers (demons) are. He can move rapidly to the aid of his agents (Luke 10:18).
2. He Is Not Omniscient. He is wise; too wise for us, but he is not all-wise. The Devil would know less if we would tell him less. Spiritism is not all trickery. It is demonism, controlled by the Devil. No one can communicate with the dead, but the Devil and his angels know about the dead and communicate this knowledge to their mediums.
3. He Is Not Omnipotent. He is not all-powerful, though he has more power than we do. He is subject to the Word of God. A good example of this is found in Job 1 and 2.
I. Our Attitude toward Satan.
1. Redemptive Rights Are to Be Claimed by the Believer. They overcame him by the blood of the Lamb, and by the word of their testimony; and they loved not their lives unto the death (Rev. 12:11). See also Ephesians 6:16, R.V.; Hebrews 2:14, R.V.; Colossians 2:15: I John 3:8.
2. Full Equipment Is to Be Appropriated by the Believer. Finally, my brethren, be strong in the Lord, and in the power of his might. Put on the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil (Eph. 6:10, 11). See also Ephesians 6:12-18.
3. Strict Self Control Is to Be Maintained. Neither give place
to the devil (Eph. 4:27).
5. Resistance Is to Be Made by the Believer. Submit yourselves therefore to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you (Jas. 4:7). See also I John 2:14.